More than 100 million people in the United States are living with diabetes or prediabetes. This chronic disease needs the expertise of a knowledgeable physician, like Roza Israel, MD. At I & R Medical Services, P.C., in Forest Hills, New York, Dr. Israel offers comprehensive diabetes care, from your initial screening to the management of the disease throughout your lifetime. She also provides extensive education and multiple treatment options to help you keep your blood sugar in control. Schedule a consultation using the online booking feature or by calling the office directly.
Diabetes is a chronic condition where your body doesn’t use blood sugar properly. In a healthy body, glucose provides the energy your body needs to function. The hormone insulin helps convert glucose into energy in your muscles and tissues.
When you have Type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin to convert glucose to energy or doesn’t use insulin properly. As a result, your blood glucose levels remain high, which can cause a number of serious health problems, including heart disease, nerve damage, and organ failure.
You can also have a condition known as prediabetes, where your blood glucose levels stay high, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. In many cases, people with prediabetes develop Type 2 diabetes if they don’t change their diet and eating habits.
Type 1 diabetes is a condition most often diagnosed when you’re a child. You may be at increased risk for developing Type 1 diabetes if it runs in your family or if you have other medical issues that compromise the health of your immune system.
Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include:
If you’re a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome, you may be at increased risk for diabetes.
Common symptoms of diabetes include:
Dr. Israel can determine if you have diabetes with a simple blood test. She may recommend regular diabetes screenings if you have a family history or other risk factors for the condition.
Treating Type 1 diabetes requires daily insulin medications, either oral or injectable, to control your blood sugar levels.
In Type 2 diabetes, Dr. Israel may initially recommend lifestyle changes, such as incorporating a healthy, well-balanced diet into your life. You may also need to increase your physical activity to help maintain a healthy weight.
If lifestyle changes aren’t enough to treat your Type 2 diabetes, Dr. Israel may recommend daily medications.
For both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, Dr. Israel provides guidance for daily blood sugar testing to monitor your condition.
Find out more about available treatments for diabetes by scheduling an appointment online or by calling the office directly.